Facial cosmetic surgery consists of a number of distinctive procedures. Before undergoing surgery, it is most important to have reasonable expectations and understanding about what cosmetic surgery can accomplish for you.
Many patients choose to address aging in multiple areas of the face. It’s quite common to combine procedures to achieve a complete facial rejuvenation.
Most cosmetic procedures can be performed on an outpatient basis, getting you back into your regular routine quickly. Others may require an inpatient stay and longer recovery time.
Your surgeon will work with you to determine the procedure or procedures that will ultimately provide the best results for you.
Cosmetic facial surgery options:
- Face lift
- Eyelid lift
- Nose reshaping
- Neck contouring
- Brow lift
- Ear surgery
- Chin surgery
- Facial implants
Aging is a natural progression of life, but facelift surgery can refresh your outlook in your appearance.
As we age, skin loses elasticity and facial tissues lose volume, which results in jowls and wrinkles. The facelift procedure creates younger-looking appearance by:
- Removing excess skin
- Tightening sagging skin
- Smoothing deep folds
- Lifting and tightening the deep facial tissues
There are two types of facelift surgery: the mini facelift, and the standard facelift.
A mini facelift can correct signs of aging before they become pronounce. Patients with mild sagging in the cheeks are good candidates for a mini facelift. The surgeon tightens deep facial and structural tissues around the cheeks using a less invasive technique than a standard face lift.
Standard facelifts restore a youthful look to the face and neck repairing moderate to advanced aging. The deeper tissues beneath the skin are repositioned and excess skin is removed to eliminate sagging in the lower face. This surgery is extensive and requires significant recovery time.
Our eyes not only allowed to see but also to communicate our feelings to others. Our eyelids are the thinnest most delicate skin on our bodies. Signs of aging usually appear around our eyes sooner than other areas. Eyelid surgery were refreshes eyes that are sagging, have a tired appearance, or make you appear unhappy.
Eyelid surgery corrects signs of aging around the upper and lower eyelids, including:
- Sagging skin
Eyelid surgery is not just for cosmetic enhancement. It can correct sagging eyelid skin that hampers vision, allowing eyes to open more fully.
Cosmetic eyelid surgery is often performed as an outpatient procedure. Eyelid surgery options include one or both of the following:
Upper Eyelid Lift
Upper eyelid lifts involves removal of excess skin and fat and/or adjusts the muscles around the eyelids.
Lower Eyelid Lift
Lower eyelid lifts improve puffiness and sagging beneath the eyes. For lower eyelids, the surgeon removes or repositions fat to create a smoother contour beneath the eyelid, remove excess skin, or tightening the lower eyelid muscle.
A brow lift, also called the forehead lift, rejuvenates the face above the eyebrows. Time, gravity, and genetics are all causes for a heavier, thick brow that makes people look as though they are frowning. Brow lift surgery can correct look. The surgery is performed as an outpatient procedure and last for years.
A brow lift can correct:
- Heavy or sagging brow
- Furrows is in the forehead
- The contour of the upper portion of the face
Types of brow lift surgery include: endoscopic, temporal, or coronal.
A less invasive procedure that repositions the muscles, removes excess fat, and lift underlying tissues in the forehead.
Temporal or Limited Incision
This procedure is commonly performed in conjunction with eyelid surgery. The surgeon lifts and repositions the tissue of the outer brow area. Then, through the incision made for an upper eyelid procedure, the area between the eyebrows is lifted to smooth out the frown lines.
Coronal surgery is a more invasive technique and may be necessary to achieve the desired result. Excess skin, fat, and tissue are removed, and the remaining skin and brown muscles are repositioned into a more youthful appearance.
Nose reshaping surgery or rhinoplasty, improves the shape, size, and proportion of a person’s nose, sculpting it into better balance with the rest of the face. Your plastic surgeon can help you attain a nose that looks natural with your particular features, but it’s important to have a realistic expectation about what rhinoplasty will do for you.
Rhinoplasty is frequently performed as an outpatient procedure and the results are permanent.
The procedure can:
- Straighten a crooked nose
- Smooth noticeable bumps on the bridge of the nose
- Reduce the length of an overhanging nasal tip
- Refine the size of a large nasal tip
- Narrow and nose that is too wide for the face
- Reduce the size of a nose that is too large
- Restore a nose after injury
- Open blocked nasal passages
Rhinoplasty is not suitable for people of all ages. The nose must be completely developed before it can be altered. This means the end of patients are generally age 14 for girls and 16 for boys.
- Open rhinoplasty – typically used for patients that require extensive reshaping. There is some scarring with this procedure, but the natural curve the nose conceals them.
- Closed rhinoplasty – is for patients that require minor adjustment to the nasal structures. Closed rhinoplasty leaves no visible scars after surgery.
- Tip plasty – alters only the tip of the nose.
Noses can also be reshaped without surgery using dermal fillers. This is a temporary procedure that last up to a year. A filler product is injected in specific points in the nose, then the surgeon:
- Evens bumps
- Reshape the nasal tip
- Corrects nasal symmetry
This method is an inexpensive way to evaluate the look of a new nose without committing to a permanent change with rhinoplasty surgery.
Neck contouring is used to refine the appearance of the neck and chin. Correcting wrinkles or sagging in the neck can noticeably improve your appearance. Neck contouring is a useful tool for defining balance to the face by providing better-defined jawline that frames the rest of the face.
For people with prominent receding jaw, neck contouring is a useful tool for defining the jawline, restoring balance, and framing the face. A chin implant can be added to enhance the jaw profile.
Neck contouring options include:
Liposuction removes excess fat, but does not tighten sagging skin. The best candidates for a neck liposuction people between their 20s in their early 50s. People in that age range to have good skin elasticity, which is essential for the skin to contract smoothly and evenly after liposuction.
Neck liposuction can:
- Improve the area below the chin
- Adjust the jawline or enhance the chin
- Balance facial features
- Be permanent if a balanced weight is maintained
Neck lift surgery (cervicoplasty/platysmaplasty)
Neck lifts are typically performed as an outpatient procedure, and results generally last for years.
There are two types of neck lift surgery: cervicoplasty, which is performed to remove excess skin and platysmaplasty, used to tighten loose neck muscles.
Cosmetic surgeons perform one or both of these procedures to:
- Tighten loose neck muscles
- Remove excess or sagging skin
- Reduce wrinkles and creases
- Improve the look of vertical neck bands