The laboratory at Wheeling Hospital is a full service clinical laboratory that offers patients and physicians a convenient and high quality testing service 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Routine and esoteric procedures are performed daily to provide physicians with diagnostic information as rapidly as possible. Enhancements in the medical technology field are constantly being reviewed and evaluated for the benefit of patients’ health.

State-of-the-art automation and computerization, combined with a highly skilled technical and support staff, provide better patient care. The staff physicians are board-certified pathologists. The medical technologists, medical laboratory technicians and cytotechnologists are licensed by the State of West Virginia and are registered with the American Society of Clinical Pathologists or the National Certification Agency for Medical Laboratory Personnel.

  • Accreditation, Licensing and Memberships
  • American Association of Blood Banks
  • Center for Disease Control l 47-1006
  • College of American Pathologists 13909-01
  • Public Health Service, Food and Drug Administration 1171359
  • Department of Health & Human Services, Health Care Financing Administration CLIA ID 1D0235691
  • Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations
  • National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards
  • West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources
  • West Virginia Drug Enforcement Administration
  • Proficiency testing services provided by the College of American Pathologists

Specimen Collection Services

Monday through Friday: 6:30 am to 5:30 pm
Saturday: 7 am to noon

After registering in the Outpatient Registration Department located near the outpatient entrance, patients go to the laboratory where the tests are ordered and the specimens will be collected as quickly as possible. In most cases, the entire process should be less than 15-30 minutes. All routine blood draws are processed on a first-come, first-served basis.

If a doctor gives the specimen to the patient for delivery to the lab, the patient must register in the Outpatient Department before delivering the specimen. Physicians may also collect specimens in their offices and submit then directly to the laboratory with patients’ insurance information. In this situation, patients will not have to go to the laboratory.

A few specimens, such as 24-hour urine specimens, are collected by the patient at home. Instructions are provided by the laboratory. Patients have to register in the Outpatient Department before dropping off the specimens.

After hours and Sunday collections can be accommodated through registration in the Emergency Department. However, there may be delays at these times since the available staff may be dealing with emergency or urgent procedures.

As a convenience to patients, additional specimen collection facilities are available at the Wheeling Clinic Laboratory, Wellsburg Medical Offices, Bellaire Health Center, St. Clairsville Health Center and Powhatan Health Center.

Patient Preparation

To expedite lab visits patients should:

  • Bring insurance card.
  • Bring doctor’s orders. The lab cannot perform testing unless it has a written order from the physician. The lab accepts orders from all physicians, including those not in the local area.
  • Follow doctor’s instructions. For the majority of laboratory tests, a fasting specimen is preferred but not required. Certain tests do require that the patient be fasting so that an accurate test result may be obtained. A physician may advise that some tests can only be collected at certain times during the day, or only on select days during the week, or that they may require an appointment that must be scheduled in advance.
  • Before reporting to the lab, patients must first be registered in the Outpatient Registration area located just inside the outpatient entrance. They can also use preregistration on the Wheeling Hospital home page. The laboratory does not use appointments for routine blood draws.

Fasting Requirements

For most lab tests, a fasting specimen is preferred but not required. The physician should specify if fasting is necessary. The tests listed below require fasting. This means the patient should take nothing by mouth for the period indicated below prior to specimen collection except for water and regularly scheduled medications.

  • Glucose – 8 hours if ordered as fasting by physician
  • Glucose Tolerance Test – 8 hours
  • Lipid Panel – 12-18 hours
  • Triglycerides – 12-18 hours
  • There are several other tests that require fasting. The physician will advise if fasting is necessary.

Tests That Require Appointments

Call 304-243-3094 for an appointment for the following procedures at Wheeling Hospital:

Test Availability Days of the week

  • D-Xylose
    • Monday through Friday: 8 – 10 am
  • Sweat Chloride
    • Monday through Friday: 9 am to 1 pm

Therapeutic phlebotomy: call the Red Cross at 800-542-5663 to schedule an appointment. These procedures are done by the Red Cross at the Wheeling Clinic every other Friday. For exceptional cases that cannot be done at the Clinic, call the Wheeling Hospital Special Procedures Department at 304-243-3145 for scheduling between 9 am and 1 pm on Thursdays.

Blood Collection

After cleansing the area, a needle is inserted into a vein just underneath the skin and the blood is collected into a tube or syringe. Less than an ounce of blood is withdrawn even though several tubes may be used.

An exam table is available for this purpose for patients who prefer to lie down during the procedure. Notify the lab receptionist.

Those who usually bruise easily may develop a hematoma (a black and blue mark) at the draw site. To minimize this, apply pressure to the site for several minutes and elevate the arm. If a large bump or swelling occurs, call the physician or the lab for further instructions.

Wheeling Hospital laboratory is not a draw site for health insurance agencies that require all testing is to be done at a specified reference laboratory. Check with the health insurer for drawing locations.

Life insurance physicals that require blood specimens be sent to a specified laboratory can be collected and shipped by the Wheeling Hospital lab. There is a specimen collection fee and a handling fee that may not be covered by the life insurance company.

Affiliated Laboratories and Collection Sites

Laboratories/Draw Sites

Wheeling Hospital
1 Medical Park
Wheeling, WV 26003

Monday through Friday: 6 am to 7 pm
Saturday: 6 am to noon

Collection/Draw Sites

Bellaire Health Center
3000 Guernsey Street
Bellaire, OH 43906

Monday through Friday: 7:30 am to 4 pm

St. Clairsville Health Center
51339 National Road East
St. Clairsville, OH 43950

Monday through Friday: 7 am to 4:30 pm

Powhatan Health Center
63 Highway 7 S.
Powhatan Point, OH 43942

Tuesday, Thursday, Friday: 8 am to noon

Wellsburg Clinic
1423 Commerce Street Wellsburg, WV 26070
55741 National Road Please check this address I found wellsburg clinic at the address above
Wellsburg, WV 26070

Monday through Friday: 7:30 am to 4 pm

Wheeling Clinic
58 16th Street
Wheeling, WV 26003

Monday through Friday: 8 am to 4:30 pm

Bridgeport Health Center
1423 Commerce Street Please check this address
Bridgeport, OH 43912

Monday, Wednesday: 8 am to noon

Scio Health Center
101 Church Street
Scio, OH 43988

Monday, Wednesday, Friday: 7 am to noon

Colerain Health Center
52562 U.S. 250 Please check this address
Colerain, OH 43916

Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday: 7 am to 2 pm

Moundsville Draw Site
(Dr. Wayt’s office)
1612 Wheeling Avenue
Glen Dale, WV 26038

Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday: 8 am to 4 pm
Thursday: 8 am to noon

Harrison Community Hospital
951 E Market Street
Cadiz, OH 43907

Monday through Friday 6 am to 6 pm
Saturday 7 am to 11:00 am

Reference Laboratories

Specialized test requests may be referred to one of the following federally licensed reference laboratories:

  • Quest Diagnostics Laboratories
  • Dianon Laboratories
  • Mayo Medical Laboratories
  • Specialty Laboratories
  • Magee Women’s Hospital
  • West Virginia University Hospitals
  • Ohio State University Hospital
  • American Red Cross
  • ITxM Clinical Services

Results and Reporting

Most routine tests are analyzed and reported on the same day. As soon as tests are completed, the results are immediately available to the patient’s local doctor on the physician Web portal. A hard copy of the reports will be sent to the physician the next day either through courier system or mail. For urgent testing, results will be faxed or phoned to the physician’s office. A few specialized tests and cultures may take several days to complete, including those tests sent to one of the hospital’s reference laboratories.

Patient personal information and test results will not be released to anyone without their permission, except for authorized entities such as ordering, attending and consulting physicians, government agencies or insurance companies for billing purposes. See the privacy statement on the Wheeling Hospital home page.

Patients may obtain a copy of their outpatient laboratory tests; however, it is strongly advised that they discuss these results with their physician for proper interpretation. To obtain a copy of outpatient lab tests, a release form must be signed by the patient, who must provide a photo ID or other form of identification. A spouse or other family member cannot receive the patient’s lab reports. For confidentiality reasons, lab results will not be given over the telephone. Inpatient lab results or surgical pathology reports are not available from the laboratory and must be obtained from the Medical Records Department at 304-243-3306.

The patient’s physician, not the laboratory staff, will interpret test results.

Charges and Billing

The lab will invoice the majority of health insurers, as well as Medicare and Medicaid, for laboratory tests.

Bloodbank and Transfusion

The blood and blood products used in Wheeling Hospital’s transfusion service are collected and processed by Central Blood Bank. Although there is no charge for the blood used in a transfusion, many tests are performed on the blood by Central Blood Bank to verify its safety and these processing charges are passed on to the patient who received the blood. There are additional charges for the administration of the transfusion and for the verification that the donor blood is compatible with the patient’s blood. Since there is no charge for the blood itself, a replacement credit is not available.

Whole Blood

This is the most common type of blood donation. You can donate whole blood at any Central Blood Bank Mobile Blood Drive or Community Donor Center. A phlebotomist will prepare the area of your arm from which the blood will be drawn. The actual donation takes about 10 minutes and approximately one pint of blood is collected. All materials used during your donation are pre-packaged, sterile and disposable. They are used only once and then discarded. Each unit of whole blood is separated into three main components: red blood cells, platelets and plasma. Therefore, with each whole blood donation, up to three lives can be saved.


This is a special kind of blood donation that allows a donor to give specific single blood components, like platelets, plasma, or red blood cells.

Platelets – One or two arms are used during a platelet donation. Blood is drawn from the arm and channeled through a sterile, disposable kit housed in a special cell-separating machine. The machine spins the blood to separate the platelets, and then returns the red blood cells and plasma to the donor in the same arm. The body replaces the amount of platelets donated in about 48 hours.

Plasma – During a plasma donation, whole blood is drawn from one arm just like a regular blood donation. The difference is that the blood flows into a sterile collection kit inside a cell-separating machine. The machine spins the blood so that only plasma is removed and saved. The other blood components are returned to the body through the same line.

Red Blood Cells – A double red blood cell (2RBC) donation allows one blood donor to give two units of red blood cells. The red cells and plasma are selectively separated as the blood is collected, and the rest is immediately returned to the donor, along with 500mL saline solution to replace the volume lost.

Autologous Donations

This donation is one that you do for your own use. If you have elective surgery scheduled and are medically eligible, you may be able to give your own blood for later use. This type of donation is prescribed by your doctor.

Directed Donations

This is a donation given for a particular person. If you are the one in need of blood or blood products, a directed donation allows you to receive blood from your family members and friends, if they have a blood type compatible with yours. While there is no medical evidence that shows directed blood donations are safer than donations from the community blood supply, you may feel more comfortable selecting your own donors. Directed donations may not be appropriate for emergency procedures since it take time to fully test and process each unit of blood.

Donate Blood. Save Lives

Central Blood Bank, a not-for-profit organization, was established in 1951 by the Pittsburgh Jaycees and four area physicians to serve the transfusion needs of Pittsburgh hospitals. Beginning as a 14-staff operation collecting 5,000 units of blood and servicing seven hospitals, Central Blood Bank laid the foundation for a center of excellence in transfusion medicine and became an integral partner in the delivery of health care in our region. Currently, Central Blood Bank employs more than 330 dedicated employees and collects, tests and distributes fewer than 150,000 units of whole blood annually to approximately 40 hospitals and healthcare facilities in the tri-state area. Our mission is to engage our blood donor community, advance transfusion science, and touch more patients with our clinical expertise.

Central Blood Bank provides blood products and transfusion-related services to approximately 40 hospitals in Allegheny, Armstrong, Butler, Crawford, Lawrence, Mercer, Venango and Washington counties in Pennsylvania, as well as select communities in northern West Virginia and eastern Ohio. Central Blood Bank has more than 20 conveniently located community donor centers and various daily mobile blood drives throughout western Pennsylvania and northern West Virginia. A full list of our community donor centers, and information on mobile blood drives, can be found on at bad link or calling 866-DONORS (866-366-6771).

Central Blood Bank has a fixed mobile donation location in Wheeling on the second and fourth Tuesday of every month at the Howard Long Wellness Center. The Wheeling location collects whole blood and double red blood cells, and as always, will ensure that donors have the most pleasant, comfortable donation experience possible.