Neurology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system. Neurology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of conditions and diseases involving the central and peripheral nervous systems, including their coverings, blood vessels, and all effector tissue, such as muscle.
A neurologist is a doctor with specialized training in diagnosing and treating diseases of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and muscles.
A neurologist will often treat patients who have these medical conditions:
You might see a neurologist if you have difficult-to-manage stroke risk factors, are seen in the hospital within a few hours of having a stroke, have an unexplained stroke, have recurrent strokes, or have unusual effects of a stroke.
Traumatic brain injury occurs when a sudden, external, physical assault damages the brain.
Tumors of the nervous system
This includes the 130 different types of brain tumors.
Infections of the nervous system
These include meningitis, inflammation of the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord, and encephalitis, inflammation of the brain.
People who have autoimmune diseases that affect the nervous system, such as multiple sclerosis, may work with a neurologist.
Seizures and seizure disorders
Abnormal electrical activity in the brain can cause seizures. Epilepsy is a condition in which a person has repeated seizures. Diagnosis and treatment of these disorders often require consultation with a neurologist.
These include conditions like Parkinson’s disease, as well as problems with movement, including clumsiness, tremor, rigidity, unintentional movements, or difficulty walking.
Conditions like Lou Gehrig’s disease (aka amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS) affect the nerves that control your voluntary muscles.
The two most common types of headache in neurological practice are migraines and tension headaches.
Dementia is an umbrella term for different types of cognitive impairment, including Alzheimer’s disease.
Narcolepsy is a type of neurological disorder. For a flyer on the Sleep Center at Princeton Community Hospital, please click here.
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