For many, the dream of growing a family can be complicated. At WVU’s Center for Reproductive Medicine, our doctors can help couples have a child using assisted reproductive technology (ART). These treatments help increase the likelihood of the successful union of a sperm and egg, leading to the development of a viable fetus, and, ultimately, to the birth of a healthy baby.
ART procedures and treatment we offer:
- Superovulation and intrauterine insemination
- In vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET)
- Cryopreservation and frozen embryo transfer
- Fertility preservation through sperm or egg storage
- Testicular biopsy and testicular sperm extraction (TESE)
- Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
- Assisted hatching
- Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)
Superovulation and intrauterine insemination
This simplest ART procedure involves:
- Using fertility drugs to increase the number of eggs that are released at the time of ovulation
- Placing sperm directly into the uterus near ovulation
- Supplemental hormone therapy may be prescribed after ovulation and continued through the first 10 weeks of pregnancy
In vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET)
In vitro fertilization and embryo transfer consists of:
- Using fertility drugs to increase the number of eggs (superovulation)
- Removing the egg(s) from the ovary, followed by insemination, fertilization, and early embryo development in the controlled environment of a laboratory
- Transferring early embryo is then transferred directly into the uterine cavity
Cryopreservation and frozen embryo transfer
Cryopreservation (freezing) is offered in cases where there are multiple embryos.
- Embryos are safely frozen and stored, preserving them for an extended period of time
- Frozen embryos are specially thawed and prepared for transferring into the uterus
- Embryos are transferred into the prepared uterine cavity
If an illness or its treatment severely affects a man or woman’s fertility, WVU Center for Reproductive Medicine offers a solution. Eggs and sperm can be frozen, preserved indefinitely, and then thawed to use in impregnating his partner.
Learn more information about our fertility preservation services.
Micromanipulation is a laboratory term for multiple procedures that assist in fertilization and implantation of embryos.
- Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) – A normal sperm is able to attach to and penetrate a special protective layer or “shell” that surrounds an egg. When there are sperm antibodies, inadequate numbers of sperm, inadequate sperm function, or unexplained failure to achieve fertilization with standard insemination during IVF-ET, an individual sperm must be directly inserted into the egg to achieve fertilization.
- Assisted hatching – Under normal circumstances, the embryo is able to escape (hatch) from its shell, allowing it to implant normally. Sometimes, this shell is too thick and can be altered to allow “hatching” of the embryo.
- Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis – This procedure is used for couples who are carriers for serious genetic conditions that might be transmitted to their offspring. After embryos are available as a result of IVF, one of the cells from a developing embryo can be removed and submitted for genetic evaluation while allowing the remaining cells in the embryo to continue developing normally. The couple then has the option of transferring only the unaffected embryos.
WVU Center for Reproductive Medicine continually looks for ways to help our patients with affordable payment options.
Grants for Infertility Treatment
You may be eligible for grant funding to help cover the cost of your care.
Compassionate Care Programs