Internal medicine focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases in adults.

An internal medicine physician provides long-term, comprehensive care in the office and the hospital, managing both common and complex illness of adults, and the elderly. Internists are trained in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the heart, blood, kidneys, and joints, as well as the digestive, respiratory, and vascular systems.

They are also trained in the essentials of primary care medicine, which incorporates an understanding of disease prevention, wellness, substance abuse, mental health, and effective treatment of common problems of the eyes, ears, skin, and nervous system.